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The Landscape Park of St. Anna's Mountain

Category: Parks TOP 10
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This park comprise Chełm with its highest mountains, St. Anna`s Mountain (400 m.a.s.l), at the top. On its slopes rests St. Anna`s sanctuary, with a monastic complex and a picturesque Calvary. The core of this volcanic hill is a basalt rock column, which is the magma outlet into the volcano`s crater. In one of the many inactive quarries a geological reserve “St. Anna`s Mountain” has been created, which is an illustration of geological structure of this area. Specific sol conditions and climatic distinctions have influenced the formation of the flora. Forests, which used to be common, now cover only 21% of the park`s area; they are diversified and transected with fields under cultivation. As far as nature is concerned, however, they are diverse and very interesting. There are beech, coniferous and mixed forest stands there. The most precious natural forest areas are nature reserves. There are beech reserves of Lesisko, Boże Oko, Grafik, Biesiec, and a geological reserve, or a strict floristic reserve in Ligota Dolna. In 2004 St. Anna`s Mountain – a composed cultural and natural landscape, charmingly beautiful and unique, was declared a historical monument. Attempts have also been made to enter it on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Source: Tourists Attractions  of Opole Silesia, pub. Oficyna Piastowska

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